The situation of the girl child in Uganda is characterized by a cross section of rights violations that threaten their development and wellbeing. Girls who form 51% (4.3 million) of the adolescent population in Uganda are vulnerable to sexual and gender based violence with 15% of girls being married by age 15 and 49% by age 18. 58% of young women and 47% of young men had had sex before age18 (UBOS and Macro International Inc. 2011). (UBOS, 2011). This increases the risk of girls contracting HIV and exposes them to other negative health consequences.

While the gender gap in primary schools is closing with an almost equal number of girls and boys enrolling for primary education, the transition retention rate from P5 – P7 is 32% resulting in only 67% of the girls joining senior secondary school. This can be attributed to among other factors, the fact that girls miss an average 48 days in an academic year due to lack of menstrual hygiene. There are also a number of traditional practices and values that harm adolescent girls and affect their ability to remain in school. These include early marriage, and Female Genital Mutilation, while a significant proportion (58%) of adolescent girls (15–19 years) has experienced physical or sexual violence.

According to UNICEF, approximately 35% of girls drop out of school because of early marriage and 23% do so because of early pregnancy (UNICEF, 2015). In Uganda, the teenage pregnancy rate is 25% with regional variations. This increases to 34% in the poorest households. In rural areas 24% of girls experience early pregnancy compared with 16% of wealthier households and 21% of urban girls (UNICEF, 2015).

In light of these challenges faced by the Adolescent girl and due to her desire to address this state of affairs, the First Lady Hon. Janet Kataha Museveni took on the responsibility of championing the Adolescent Girl Agenda in Uganda in 2015. Consequently, OAFLA Uganda embarked on stakeholder engagements with different stakeholders including Members of Parliament who have identified themselves with promoting the needs and concerns of adolescent girls. Some of the interventions so far include facilitating high-level engagement for advocacy for adolescents with specific attention to the International Day of the Girl Child celebrations, facilitating platforms for inter-sectorial consultations necessary for the development of a Sexuality Education Framework that is in line with Ugandan values and culture.